Author: Didier Ortolland, Jean-Pierre Pirat
Publisher: Editions TECHNIP
Panorama des questions politiques et juridiques relatives à la délimitation des espaces maritimes : mer territoriale, zones sous juridiction. Evoque la genèse du droit de la mer, la position des Etats côtiers, les méthodes de délimitation. Présente toutes les mers et tous les océans en insistant sur les zones de conflit. Avec un tableau des enjeux économiques et environnementaux.
Author: Didier Ortolland, Jean-Pierre Pirat
White not providing an answer to all maritime problems, the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea has successfully solved a number of issues relating to the exercise by States of their sovereignty and jurisdiction over ocean space and its resources. Among its major achievements are the adoption of clear limits of jurisdiction of coastal States over ocean areas and their concomitant rules of navigation; basic guidelines for the use of ocean resources and the creation of institutions, in particular for the exploitation of deep seabed resources and the peaceful settlement of disputes. After centuries of divergent practices, all coastal States have agreed to adopt a uniform limit for their territorial sea at 12 nautical miles. As a result, more than 100 straits used for international navigation have fallen under national sovereignty, thus leading to the adoption of a new regime of transit passage. Beyond the territorial sea, States can establish, whenever possible, an exclusive economic zone to a maximum extent of 200 miles. Such an extension may lead to conflicting claims. Similarly, the definition of the continental shelf as the natural prolongation of land territory under the sea, either arbitrarily fixed at 200 miles (in the absence of a shelf) or extending up to the limit of the continental margin, has led to a second phase of appropriation of maritime spaces by certain coastal States. Finally, as far as the deep seabed beyond the limits of national jurisdiction is concerned, its resources will have to be exploited under the control of the International Seabed Authority established in Jamaica. Within this legal framework, the sea remains more than ever a source of wealth and becomes increasingly an area of conflicts. National geopolitical considerations push States to adopt specific maritime policies generating tensions and conflicts. These are mainly the result of national political and economic ambitions. Fishery resources are becoming scarce, offshore oil and gas production is still essential for the energy balance of nations and possibilities of deep seabed mineral resource exploitation are getting closer. In addition, at 80% of the international trade volume, maritime transport remains the backbone of globalization. Besides, seaborne piracy remains a significant issue and the respect for freedom of navigation through international straits is becoming increasingly important. White some conflicting claims become more acute, some apparently frozen maritime disputes remain worrying. This is the case for example of Greece and Turkey in the Aegean Sea, and Colombia and Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela. The situation remains confused in some parts of the Persian Gulf, the waters of which are particularly rich in oil and gas, or off the coast of Africa. Asia also offers a wide range of unresolved maritime conflicts that are increasingly upsetting regional and international stability. It is against the backdrop of these alarming circumstances that this Atlas endeavors to present the various components of present maritime geopolitics. This publication deals with the major issues relating to maritime spaces and their delimitations, navigation and security, international straits and seabed resources. As such, it should represent an essential tool for the understanding of States' ocean policies and governmental stances.
Author: Nicolas Escach, Servane Gueben-Venière, Jacques Guillaume, Lydie Goeldner-Gianella, Laurent Hassid, Édith Koulai Djedje, Akou Don Franck Valéry Loba, Nora Mareï, Hipolito Martell Flores, Denis Mercier, Atsé Alexis Bernard N'Guessan, Julien Noël, Camille Parrain, Arnaud Serry, Yves Boquet, Sami Cherif, Stéphane Costa, Hugues Eudeline, Gwennaëlle Furlanetto
Vous allez passer le CAPES ou l’Agrégation ? Ce manuel constitue un outil de travail adapté à vos besoins et aux exigences des concours. Le contenu proposé s’inscrit dans un cadre à la fois pédagogique, épistémologique et didactique, répondant ainsi aux nouvelles orientations des épreuves écrites et orales. Cet ouvrage vous propose : • Une introduction problématique permettant de circonscrire le cadre de la question au programme et ses principaux enjeux. • 13 chapitres thématiques qui analysent le processus de construction territoriale dans un contexte marin à travers quatre grandes parties : la dernière frontière, l’homme et la mer, l’économie-monde, entre mer et terre. Chaque chapitre est structuré en trois parties : problématisation, mesure et spatialisation, étude de cas accompagnée d’un croquis. • 4 outils indispensables à la préparation des épreuves : un glossaire rassemblant les principaux concepts géographiques et techniques à connaître, un repère didactique sur l’enseignement de la géographie des mers et des océans, qui replace cette question dans les programmes du secondaire, un sujet de dissertation corrigé et un sujet d’oral commenté.
Author: Georges Labrecque
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
La géopolitique s'intéresse à la politique attachée au territoire et aux enjeux qui en découlent. Cet ouvrage traite des questions de la population, du gouvernement et de la souveraineté de l'Etat. Au carrefour de ces disciplines, la géopolitique s'intéresse aux frontières maritimes entre Etats côtiers et aux ressources naturelles du territoire. Ce sujet sensible exacerbe de nombreuses rivalités bien que la mondialisation puisse créer l'illusion du contraire.
Author: Admiral Sandy Woodward
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
The bestselling, highly-acclaimed and most famous account of the Falklands War, written by the commander of the British Task Force.
Author: Philippe Deboudt, Catherine Meur-Ferec, Valérie Morel
Publisher: Editions Sedes
La Géographie des mers et des océans porte un regard sur des espaces qui couvrent plus des deux tiers de notre planète et s’inscrit dans une réalité contemporaine de « L’impossibilité d’un monde sans horizon marin ». Parallèlement à une approche thématique développée dans les douze chapitres, et abordant pratiquement tous les champs de la géographie des mers et des océans (géographie physique, des transports, sociale, de la pêche, de l’énergie, du tourisme, de l’environnement, géopolitique, géohistoire...), la part belle est donnée à l‘analyse multiscalaire révélant l’articulation, l’imbrication et la complexité des problématiques et des enjeux. Mouvement, partage et devenir sont trois dynamiques qui relient les chapitres les uns aux autres. Le mouvement est une caractéristique à la fois physique et anthropique des espaces marins, flux incessants d’eau, d’hommes, de marchandises. La notion de partage apparaît aussi comme une problématique constante des mers et des océans. Le devenir de ces espaces est lié aux enjeux géopolitiques et à la protection d’un milieu marin de plus en plus exploité. Les auteurs priviligient une relation étroite entre approche disciplinaire et contenu scientifique, et associent les échelles globales et locales en s’appuyant sur une cartographie riche et variée. Cet ouvrage s’adresse aux étudiants des cycles de Licence et Master, aux étudiants préparant les concours du Capes Histoire-Géographie et des Agrégations de Géographie et d’Histoire, et à tous les publics curieux d’une Géographie des mers et océans.
Author: Alfred Thayer Mahan
Publisher: Boston : Little, Brown
Influential classic of naval history and tactics still used as text in war colleges. Read by Kaiser Wilhelm, both Roosevelts, other leaders. First paperback edition. 4 maps. 24 battle plans.
Author: Ewan W. Anderson
Publisher: Psychology Press
"During the post-Cold War period, and despite the development of organisations such as the European Union, international boundaries have become more, rather than less, important. Over 70 per cent of conflicts - ranging from local tensions such as those over Abu Musa, to elements of the macro-political agenda involving the transboundary flows of drugs, arms and terrorism - can be related in some way to boundaries. There is no evidence that globalisation will threaten the existence of the state, and for many reasons - from effective governance to psychological well-being - boundaries are vital to the state. Indeed, it might be said that a state which cannot identify and control its boundaries enjoys less than full sovereignty." "This unique atlas provides a map and site-specific text for each state in the world, including descriptions of all land and maritime boundaries. A geopolitical assessment is made for each boundary, and boundary-related vulnerability of individual states is examined."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Author: Daniel Berrigan
Publisher: Fordham University Press
On May 17, 1968, at the height of the Vietnam War, nine men and women entered a Selective Service office outside Baltimore. They removed military draft records, took them outside, and set them afire with napalm.The Catholic activists involved in this protest against the War included Daniel and Philip Berrigan; all were found guilt of destroying government property and sentenced to three years in jail. Dan Berrigan fled, and later turned himself in.The Berrigans and their colleagues went on to lives spent struggling against war, poverty, and injustice. And The Trial of the Catonsville Nine became a powerful expression of the conflicts between conscience and conduct, power and justice, law and morality. Drawing on court transcripts, Berrigan wrote a dramatic account of the trial and the issues it so vividly embodied. The result is a landmark work of art that been performed frequently over the past thirty five years, both as a piece of theater and a motion picture.This new edition includes Berrigan's original introduction, and additional materials by Robin Anderson and James Marsh that bring its ideas and themes up to date against the context of the war in Iraq.A wonderfully moving testament to nine consciences.- Clive Barnes, The New York TimesOne who wants to know what an authentically Christian response to the questions of our time is like would be wise to listen to Father Berrigan.-The New York Review of Books
Author: Ralph Nader
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
"In the cozy den of the large but modest house in Omaha where he has lived since he started on his first billion, Warren Buffett watched the horrors of Hurricane Katrina unfold on television in early September 2005. . . . On the fourth day, he beheld in disbelief the paralysis of local, state, and federal authorities unable to commence basic operations of rescue and sustenance, not just in New Orleans, but in towns and villages all along the Gulf Coast. . . He knew exactly what he had to do. . ." So begins the vivid fictional account by political activist and bestselling author Ralph Nader that answers the question, "What if?" What if a cadre of superrich individuals tried to become a driving force in America to organize and institutionalize the interests of the citizens of this troubled nation? What if some of America's most powerful individuals decided it was time to fix our government and return the power to the people? What if they focused their power on unionizing Wal-Mart? What if a national political party were formed with the sole purpose of advancing clean elections? What if these seventeen superrich individuals decided to galvanize a movement for alternative forms of energy that will effectively clean up the environment? What if together they took on corporate goliaths and Congress to provide the necessities of life and advance the solutions so long left on the shelf by an avaricious oligarchy? What could happen? This extraordinary story, written by the author who knows the most about citizen action, returns us to the literature of American social movements—to Edward Bellamy, to Upton Sinclair, to John Steinbeck, to Stephen Crane—reminding us in the process that changing the body politic of America starts with imagination.
Author: John West-Sooby
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
The French connection with the South Seas stretches back at least as far as the voyage of Binot Paulmier de Gonneville (1503-1505), who believed he had discovered the fabled great south land after being blown off course during a storm near the Cape of Good Hope. The story of his voyage remained largely forgotten for over 150 years, but eventually resurfaced in 1664 thanks to the publication by the Abbe Jean Paulmier of a document in which he argued, on the basis of this supposed discovery, for the establishment of a Christian mission in this "third part" of the world. While historians today contest the authenticity of various aspects of the Abbe Paulmier's Memoires, there is no doubt about the impact it had in France, both on the collective imagination and, more concretely, on French plans for exploration and colonial expansion. It was not until the eighteenth century, however, that France began sending mariners to the southern oceans on a regular basis, and by that time a new maritime power had begun to emerge: Great Britain. Together, these two nations would play a decisive role in determining the configuration of these little known parts of the globe, and particularly of the Pacific, which had for so long been the almost exclusive preserve of Spain.' (From the Introduction by John West-Sooby.) DISCOVERY AND EMPIRE is a collection of essays originating out of a symposium that was held at the State Library of South Australia on 8 July 2009. The symposium formed one of the strands of the XVIIth Biennial Conference of the Australasian Association of European Historians (6-9 July 2009), the overall theme for which was 'Europe's Expansions and Contractions'.